Opinion: How to Save Our Economy, Create Jobs, Stop Global Warming and Rescue Detroit

Posted on June 5, 2012 by

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Now THAT’s stimulating!

keywords: batteries, nuclear energy, stimulus spending

Liberal economists want to “Invest” in stimulus spending.

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Step 1: Borrow 1 trillion dollars

Scary. I was inspired to write this essay because I’m concerned  liberal economists like Paul Krugman and Larry Summers will prevail in their effort to convince the President and Congress to increase stimulus spending by trillions of dollars. This plan is my answer to the question “if we’re going to spend like drunken sailors how can we do it in the best way?”

Step 2: Build 50 x 1 Gigawatt nuclear power plants

With $1T we can build 50 plants.

It costs China $1,600/killowatt to build a reactor. We’ll assume it’ll costs 25% more in the US, or about $2B for each. This estimate may be optimistic, because there are suggestions that the real cost is between $6 and $9B in the US. I’m hoping that if we build 50, we’ll leverage an economy of scale to get it down closer to the Chinese cost of $1.6B each.

The construction of each reactor creates 5,000 jobs. And each operating reactor supports 800 permanent jobs. That’s 250,000 temporary and 40,000 permanent jobs total.

These 50 reactors will inject 438,000  Gigawatt hours of power per year into the US electric grid. Current usage is 3,741,000 Gigawatt hours. We’ll significant extra capacity. What to do with it? See below.

The AP100, the world’s most popular nuclear power plant design. Designed by Westinghouse and now being constructed in the US and China.

Step 3: Cost-neutral operation

Electric companies operate at about 10% net margin. I’ll assume we can get that to 50% or better because a large component of their cost is the investment in their generating facilities.  The plan is to sell half of the electricity at market rates (about $0.10/kwh), and distribute the other half for free for targeted uses.  More on that below.

This will provide about $22B/year to operate the 50 plants.

Step 4: Create a national standard and infrastructure for car battery exchange 

This might seem like a non-sequitir because we were just talking about nuclear power. But bear with me…

Back to batteries: The problem with electric cars is that you can’t really drive anywhere with them. They can go maybe 100 miles before needing a recharge. Drivers of these cars are always concerned about how many miles they have left. And it takes overnight to complete a charge.

What if we had a national network of “filling stations” but instead of gas, they had batteries? It would work something like the way you trade out an empty tank to fuel your grill. They’d take out your discharged battery and replace it with one that is fully charged.

If we could make battery swapping easy, magic things would happen.

Propane exchange.

This will mean people won’t have to be nervous about running out of power while on a longer trip.

There are other implications as well: The long term costs and logistics of maintaining and replacing them when they get old will be transferred to these “gas” stations (just like the propane tank companies recharge and replace empty tanks). The big win for the car owner, is that as batteries become lighter and more efficient, these batteries will find their way into this new economy. Car owners won’t have to pay a hefty price to replace them in their car.

This new economy in batteries will drive innovation in power density and cost.

Step 4: Offer free electricity to electric car owners

This is the kicker. That’s right, make the cost of powering an electric car ZERO. The electricity will come from the spare capacity of our 50 nuclear power plants.

What will happen

The demand for electric cars will skyrocket. After all who wouldn’t want “free gas.” This demand will drive the quality of electric cars up, and the cost down. It will create hundreds of thousands of new jobs in manufacturing. The number of fossil fuel driven cars on the road will decrease and carbon emissions will drop.

If we have to spend a trillion dollars in stimulus, that’s how I’d do it.

Can it really work?

I think so, but it would require a political miracle to pull off. In the end even if we can’t make this work I hope this crazy idea might get some others thinking too. How would you spend a trillion dollars?

One last thought: What if we spent $10 trillion?

As long as we’re spending like a drunken sailor: What if we built 500 nuclear power plants instead of only 50? This might be going a bit too far, but here’s what could happen:

  • 100% of our nation’s electricity would be supplied by nuclear power
  • No coal, no foreign oil (for electricity anyways)
  • Carbon emissions… zero
  • We’d be able to power a significant portion of our transportation infrastructure with electricity and the rest with much less expensive oil (less expensive because of the lower demand)

Some references:

Disclosure

Tucker Balch loves gas guzzling muscle cars.

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